Which means no determination was made as to there being a legal basis for recovery for those owners who sold earlier. It does not mean that there is NO legal basis for recovery. I continue to think there is a possibility of recovery of some sort based upon VW's self admitted fraud. No I am not about to put my own money into play here but there are many ex-owners who are in this category, more than enough to constitute an additional class. May be tempting for an enterprising attorney.