yea, VR is a single unit on this alternator. Dealer will replace the whole alternator since it is quicker and more profitable.
low/no voltage will cause all the lamps to come on. Even though it is a diesel, it still needs power for the fuel cutoff and the ECU in order to run.
1. You're in Mexico.
2. You're a missionary.
A. don't worry too much. Whatever damage was done, is done. Put a filter in and keep driving.
B. Say an extra prayer over the car. Couldn't hurt.
Do an oil and oil filter change. Look for CI-4 or similar 5w-40, though being in a hot...
an early belt change sounds like a dealer trying to get more money from the previous owners.
How much you want to bet they used the wrong oil?
The brake thing is easy if you have access to a power bleeder.
A more common issue that the AC compressor is the alternator pulley. Is this what...
there is folklore and anecdotes concerning owners who thought, "100kmiles or bust!" and BUST is what they got. Not trying to fear-monger or anything, but the more past 5 years you go, the more time becomes a factor over distance.
the valves may not be bent, but the 'lips' may be cracked. It might be fine for a while but eventually it will break off and get pounded in the cylinder. the only way you're going to know is to pull the head.
I assume you have trailer brakes. If not, get them.
It would not hurt to go get the larger oil cooler. It's a VW part and some sellers here have it as a power enhancement-type product. The dealer should have it too. It is more or less bolt-on.
You should also routinely check the...
the drain comes through the firewall. If you look on the passenger side firewall in the engine bay behind the turbo, you should see a 'U' shaped cutout in the metallic insulation. The drain is behind here. You will need to pull this flap up to see the drain. You might want to leave it loose...
Toyota calls this "Prius". Honda calls it "Insite" and "Civic". They both consider it stale technology. Newer designs decouple the gas motor from the drive train.
When you do this with a diesel, you call it "locomotive".